The Different Kinds of Teeth Staining

The Different Kinds of Teeth Staining

stained-teeth-300Teeth staining can be embarrassing — so much so you may even hesitate to smile. Before you seek out a whitening solution, though, there are a few things you need to know about tooth staining.
Tooth staining is more complex than you might think. There are actually two main types. The first is extrinsic staining from foods, liquids, smoking and other substances that stain the outer surface of the enamel The second is intrinsic staining, discoloration deep within a tooth that affects their outward appearance.Intrinsic staining has a number of causes, including the type of dental materials used to fill a tooth, a history of trauma or the use of an antibiotic such as tetracycline during early tooth development.
There are some noticeable differences between the two types, although an examination is usually necessary to determine which you have. Extrinsic staining tends to be brown, black, or occasionally orange or yellow. Intrinsic staining can look like white splotches or even discoloured bands across one or multiple teeth.
What can be done also depends on which type. Extrinsic staining can be modified through something a simple as a dental cleaning. As a second step, whitening, with either an in-office application or a home kit (there are differences, so you should consult with us before you decide). It may also be essential to modify your diet by restricting foods and beverages (coffee, wine or tea) known to cause staining and by eliminating tobacco use. You should also practice daily hygiene, including brushing with a toothpaste designed to diminish staining, and regular office cleaning and polishing.
Intrinsic staining can’t be addressed by these methods. Instead, you may need to undergo a procedure where we enter the interior of the tooth and insert a bleaching agent. If this isn’t an option, you can also choose a cosmetic restoration such as a porcelain veneer or crown that will cover the teeth to better match the color of non-affected teeth, or change the colour of multiple teeth.
Dealing with stained teeth begins with a visit to our office to determine what type of discoloration you have and to learn your options. But regardless of what type you have, there is a way to a brighter smile.
If you would like more information on the causes and treatments of tooth staining, please contact us to schedule an appointment for a consultation.

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